After two months of competition, the British Conservative Party chose Liz Truss as its new leader, who later became British Prime Minister. She thus becomes the fourth British Prime Minister in six years and is the 15th Prime Minister during the reign of the late Queen Elizabeth II, and the third woman to hold the position.
Her meteoric rise to power began in 2010 when she was elected to parliament. Four years later, she joined the government of former Prime Minister David Cameron as Environment Minister. She then became Attorney General and Chancellor of the Exchequer in Theresa May’s government, and Secretary of Commerce in Johnson’s government.
Truss strongly believes in economic liberalization and is a staunch supporter of the 2016 referendum on the UK’s membership of the European Union. She praised the benefits of leaving the European Union (Brexit) and took a hard line against Russia over the war in Ukraine. Her advocacy of economic liberalization and political optimism helped her compete for leadership in 2022. Despite some twists and turns, her tax-cutting agenda and loyalty to former Prime Minister Boris Johnson gave her an edge over her rival, former Treasury Secretary Rishi Sunak.
As the new Prime Minister, she faces a number of significant challenges, rising cost of living, deteriorating public services and an independent Scotland. Abroad, it has to do with the war in Ukraine and difficult relations with the European Union.
Why did Boris resign?
Truss replaced Johnson, who was forced to resign as leader and prime minister of the Conservative Party last July. And there were massive resignations, with about 60 ministers and political staff, including Health Minister Sajid Javid and Sunak, protesting Johnson’s mishandling of former Deputy Prime Minister Chris Pcherch’s scandal.
He resigned from that position after being charged with sexual assault at a private club before taking the position. He said he “had drunk a lot and embarrassed himself”, but he denied the interests and remained an independent MP. Other allegations of sexual misconduct have surfaced, raising questions about what Johnson knew and when. The British Prime Minister denied that Johnson was aware of the allegations when he was appointed Deputy Prime Minister. But it later turned out that this denial was false. Johnson was criticized for not being immediately suspended by the party, putting Johnson under heavy pressure from the party. But Johnson’s grip on power was tenuous, even before the publishing scandal. A series of scandals showed his lax approach to the norms of public life. A number of Conservative Party members called for Johnson’s resignation over the Johnson scandal linked to a party at Government House, despite the restrictions imposed by the ‘Corona’ pandemic, which police eventually forced. fined Johnson and his wife. Johnson’s behavior became distracted and unsustainable. About 41% of Conservative MPs voted against him in a vote of no confidence in early June. Johnson’s alleged lack of direction has been a second source of outrage against him by his Conservative Party comrades. He may claim to have achieved “Brexit”, but what has his government gained after that? There was a lot of talk about “raising the standard”, but nothing happened. The problems were compounded by the looming cost of living crisis and the chaos at 10 Downing Street.
Finally, Johnson is seen as an electoral burden. The Conservatives have been behind Labor in opinion polls since late 2019 and recently lost a by-election between Labor and the Liberal Democrat party. Conservative MPs, especially in marginal seats, are getting worried. The publishing case proved fatal for Johnson, as it exploited these sources of discontent directly. Supporters of Johnson claimed he was stabbed in the back by his own party.
Why were there no elections?
Choosing Johnson’s successor has always been a problem for the ruling Conservative Party. The United Kingdom is governed by a parliamentary system in which the government is formed by a person who has the confidence of the House of Commons. In practice, this means that the head of the party that won the majority of seats in the general election forms the government. When a prime minister resigns through parliament, there is no constitutional need for a general election. Instead, the ruling party elects a new head of government.
The selection of heads of government by the ruling party is normal. Since 1945, eight governments have been elected by universal suffrage, while nine governments have been formed by the selection of the ruling party in parliament. Political parties have their own rules for electing a new leader. Before 1965, Conservative Party leaders came forward by consulting key party figures. From that date until 1998, the selection of new party leaders was by election by Conservative MPs. Thus, they are elected through a two-stage election process, where party members choose two candidates, and then all 180,000 members of the Conservative party make the final choice to elect the party leader.
Eight candidates entered the first phase of the competition to replace Johnson. After five rounds of voting among Conservative MPs, Sunak reached the top, with 137 Conservative MPs (38.3%) voting for him, along with Terrace, who came in second with 113 Conservative MPs (31.6%) voting for him . to trade policy Benny Mordaunt, third, with 105 (29.3%) votes, then came the vote of the party member, with Sunak and Terrace campaigning for support in July and August. Terrace defeated Sunak 57%, while Sunak scored 43%.
Terrace’s urgent task was to form a government. She was able to win the party presidency because she was the choice of the Conservative Party members, not the favorite of the Conservative MPs. So the honeymoon period will be short, especially if the Conservative Party lags behind Labor in the polls. Above all, Truss must improve her party’s lot in the next general election. Ministers from the ruling party want mandates from the voters. Because it strengthens their authority and enables them to take on new obligations. Terrace has the power to call a general election. However, as the Conservative Party’s electoral situation is not reassuring, the parliament elected in 2019 is likely to continue until the end of its constitutional term. And if voters can give their opinion on the prime minister by January 2025 at the latest.
Nicholas Allen, English physician and anthropologist
Truss was able to win the party presidency because it was the choice of Conservative party members, not the favorite of Conservative MPs. So the honeymoon period will be short, especially if the Conservative Party lags behind Labor in the polls.
As the new Prime Minister, she faces a number of significant challenges, rising cost of living, deteriorating public services and an independent Scotland.
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