This came after the mission resumed work on Saturday from the sixth excavation season in the area of the ancient Saqqara, and the work resulted in the discovery of a group of pottery vessels, with inscriptions in the ancient Egyptian language in the form of demotic lines.
Secretary-General of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities, Mostafa Waziri, explained that “a group of white cheese molds was found in these pots, probably dating to the late period in the period of the 26th and 27th Dynasties.”
Waziri said in a statement that “the ancient Egyptian called white cheese (Haram), a word that changed to (Halloum) in Coptic times, and is now known as (Haloum cheese).”
He added: “There is another set of jars that are completely closed, and the mission will open them soon to discover the secrets they contain, and excavations will be completed to reveal more treasures of this region.”
• Egyptian antiquarian and director of the Valley of the Kings Antiquities District in Luxor, Ali Reda, told Sky News Arabia that the 26th and 27th families date back to about 664 BC, meaning the age of this discovered cheese is over 2,500 years old .
• Reda continued that “the ancient Egyptian knew cheese and made it from goat’s milk, and before the discovery was announced on Saturday, a large earthenware vessel was found in the Saqqara area with a cheese mold that is more than 3,200 years old.”
• The official explained that “cheese is not common in tombs. This is rare and shows how the pharaohs exploited all natural resources for food.”
• He added that “The pharaohs made cheese in the well-known primitive way hitherto used in some Egyptian rural homes, namely filtering milk through a piece of cloth to isolate milk from whey and extract cheese, but there are no traces found so far pointing to the establishment of factories or places dedicated to making cheese and dairy products.”
• Reda emphasized that “the new discovery that was found in Saqqara, the full details are not yet known, and after the mission translates all the symbols on the pots, we will have more information about how cheese and dairy products are made by the pharaohs. “
Not the first detection
It’s worth noting that in 2018 a team of archaeological researchers found some broken pots in an ancient pharaonic tomb, and by exciting coincidence they found a mysterious white substance that needed studies and research to reveal its components.
Research resulted in the discovery of a cheese that is the oldest of its kind in the world, despite finding similar foods in pharaonic tombs, according to the then American newspaper “New York Times”.
According to the available information, a piece of cheese was first found in the tomb of a prominent figure who lived before the country in Egypt in the thirteenth century. The tomb was first discovered in 1885, but then disappeared due to the movement of sand, and was rediscovered in 2010.
The ancient Egyptians kept food in the tombs of the dead, especially of kings and dignitaries, because of their belief in the existence of another life after death. Researchers found several foods, including honey and bread, during earlier explorations.